春节的风俗有：1 祭灶，2 灶糖，3 扫尘，4 接玉皇，5 贴门神，6 贴春联，7 守岁，8 拜年，9 看春晚，10 压岁钱。
The customs of the Spring Festival include: 1 offering sacrifices to the God of kitchen, 2 cooking sugar, 3 sweeping the dust, 4 meeting the Jade Emperor, 5 sticking door gods, 6 sticking Spring Festival couplets, 7 Shousui, 8 New Year greetings, 9 watching the Spring Festival Gala, and 10 New Year’s (Lucky) money.
Sacrifice to the Kitchen: In ancient times, people believed that the good words of the Kitchen God in front of the Jade Emperor would bring happiness to the family and bless the family in the coming year. So every year on the 23rd of December, every family will worship the Kitchen God and ask him to say more beautiful and auspicious words after going back to heaven.
Cooking sugar: a kind of maltose, also called sesame candy, very sticky. The long strip is called “Guandong Sugar”, and the long flat round is called “Hami melon”. In winter, the melon is kept outside because of the cold weather. The melon is strong and there are some tiny bubbles in it. It tastes crisp, sweet and crisp, and has a unique flavor.
Sweeping dust: There is a folk saying that “Sweeping the house by sweeping dust on the 24th day of the lunar month”. After the kitchen sacrifice, we officially began to prepare for the New Year. The general cleaning is the year-end general cleaning, which is called “general cleaning” in the north and “dedusting” in the south. It is a traditional Chinese custom to clean the dust before the Spring Festival. On the day of dedusting, the whole family began to clean the house and yard, wash the pots and pans, remove the bedding and welcome the New Year cleanly. In fact, people use the homonym of “Chen- dust” and “Chen – old” to express their will to eliminate the old thoughts.
Receiving the Jade Emperor: Both the old custom and the new custom believe that when the Kitchen God ascends to heaven, the Jade Emperor in the sky descends to the earth personally on the 25th day of the lunar calendar to observe the good and evil of the world, indicating good or bad luck in the coming year. So every family offered their blessings, called “Welcoming the Jade Emperor”. On this day, you should be cautious in your daily life and words, and strive for good performance to win the favor of the Jade Emperor and bring happiness for the coming year.
Stick door gods: At first, Gods of Door were carved with peach wood and hung around people. Later, he drew a portrait of the door god and pasted it on the door. The legendary brothers Shen Tu and Yu Lei are both related to ghosts. They guard the door, and evil spirits, big and small, dare not enter. After the Tang Dynasty, there appeared the portraits of door gods of Qin Qiong and Yuchi Jingde, Guan Yu and Zhang Fei. A pair of Gods of Door for each household, one for left door and one for right door. Later generations often paint a pair of door gods as martial arts expert, expressing the Han working people’s good wishes to ward off evil spirits, eliminate disasters and welcome blessings.
Paste Spring Festival couplets: Spring Festival couplets, also known as “door couplets”, “couplets” and “peach charms”, are a kind of couplets, which are named after being posted during the Spring Festival. It depicts the background of the times in neat, dual, concise and exquisite characters to express good wishes. It is a unique literary form in China. During the Spring Festival, every household, whether urban or rural, should choose a pair of bright red couplets to stick on their doors.
Shou Sui: Chinese people have the habit of keeping watch on New Year’s Eve, commonly known as “Aonian”. New Year’s Eve begins with the New Year’s Eve dinner, and you can take your time to enjoy the dinner! While eating family reunion dinner, you can watch the Spring Festival Gala!
New Year’s greetings: One of the important activities of the Spring Festival is to pay New Year’s greetings to relatives, friends and neighbors. Han people have paid New Year greetings since the Han Dynasty. After the Tang Dynasty, it was very popular. If it is inconvenient for you to go there in person, you can use a famous card to express your congratulations. It was called “cì” in the Eastern Han Dynasty, so the name card was also called “famous cì”. After the Ming Dynasty, many families pasted a red paper bag at the door for New Year’s greetings.
Watching the Spring Festival Gala: variety shows have become a large-scale form of media culture. It provides the most basic model and blueprint for the development of Chinese TV variety culture. New Year’s Eve is a time for family reunion. Family and friends can get together and have fun watching the Spring Festival Gala in front of the TV! As the 12 o’clock clock in the TV play rings, the whole family gets together to welcome the arrival of the New Year.
New Year’s Money: It is given by the elders to the younger generation. In some families, everyone is not allowed to leave the table after the family reunion dinner. After everyone has finished eating, the elders will give it to the younger generation to encourage their children and grandchildren to learn and grow up in the new year and become good people. Some people will put the lucky money under the pillow after their children fall asleep at night, which shows the love and respect of the elders for the younger generation. It is a folk custom activity integrated with family ethics.